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Aramäischer Kalender

Griechischer Kalender

  • Λεωνίδου, επισκόπου Αθηνών
  • Μάρτυρος Κρήσκεντος του εν Μύροις της Λυκίας
  • Μαρτύρων Θεοδώρου πρεσβυτέρου και Παυσολυπίου
  • Μαρτύρων Αναστασίας και Βασιλίσσης
  • Μαρτύρων Μαξίμου και Ολυμπιάδος
  • Πατέρνου
  • Μστισλάβου - Θεοδώρου, πρίγκηπος του Κιέβου
  • Οσίου Βασιλείου, του εκ Μολδαβίας, του Θαυματουργού
  • Οσίου Διονυσίου του Περεγιασλάβλ
  • Αγίου Ανανίου, μητροπολίτου Λακεδαιμονίας

Georgischer Kalender

Bulgarischer Kalender

Mazedonischer Kalender

Serbischer Kalender

Bürgerliches Datum bei Benutzung des Julianischen Kalenders:



They were numbered among the Seventy Apostles. Aristarchus was bishop of Apamea in Syria. The Apostle Paul mentions him several times: The city was filled with confusion and the people rushed with one accord into the theater, seizing Gaius and Aristarchus (Acts 19:29. See also Colossians 4:10 & Philemon 1:23-24). Aristarchus was arrested in Ephesus, together with Gaius, by a multitude of people who had risen up against Paul. The Apostle Paul writes to the Colossians: Aristarchus my fellow prisoner saluteth you (Colossians 4:10). In the Epistle to Philemon, Paul calls Aristarchus my fellow laborer, together with Mark, Demas and Luke.

Pudens was a distinguished citizen of Rome. The Apostle Paul mentions him once. Eubulus, Pudens, Linus, Claudia and all the brothers send greetings (2 Timothy 4:21). At first, the home of Pudens was a haven for the chief apostles [Peter and Paul] and later it was converted into a place of worship, called the Shepherd's Church.

Trophimus was from Asia. Sopater, the son of Pyrrhus, from Beroea, accompanied him, as did Aristarchus and Secundus from Thessalonica, Gaius from Derbe, Timothy and Tychicus and Trophimus from Asia (Acts 20:4), and he accompanied the Apostle on his travels. In one place the Apostle Paul writes: Trophimus have I left at Miletum sick (2 Timothy 4:20).

During Nero's persecution, when the Apostle Paul was beheaded, all three of these glorious apostles were also beheaded.


In the land of the Goths there was a brutal persecution against Christians. A certain prince of the Goths [Atharidus] entered the village where this devout Sabbas lived and asked the villagers: "Are there any Christians living in your village?" They convinced him, by swearing, that there were none. Then Sabbas stood before the prince and the people and said: "Let no one swear for me; I am a Christian!" Upon seeing Sabbas, wretched and poor, the prince let him go in peace, saying: "This one can neither harm nor benefit anyone." The following year, around Pascha, a certain priest, Sansala, came to this village and celebrated the glorious Feast of the Pascha with Sabbas. Upon learning of this, the heathens suddenly attacked the home of Sabbas and began to beat this holy man of God mercilessly with canes. In addition, they dragged Sabbas's naked body through thorns and then tied both Sabbas and Sansala to a tree, offering them the meat of idolatrous sacrifices to eat. These men of God called to mind the words of the apostles and refused to eat of the unclean, diabolical sacrifices. Finally, the prince condemned Sabbas to death and handed him over to the soldiers. Full of joy, Sabbas arrived at the scaffold praising God. Recognizing him as a good man, the soldiers wanted to release him along the way. Because of this, Sabbas became very sorrowful and told the soldiers that they were duty-bound to carry out the order of the prince. The soldiers then brought him to a river [the Mussovo River at Targoviste, Romania, near Bucharest], tied a stone around his neck, and cast him into the water. His body was washed up along the shore. Later on, during the reign of Emperor Valens, when the Greek Commander Ioannis Soranos was warring with the Goths, he discovered Sabbas's body and translated it to Cappadocia. St. Sabbas suffered at the age of thirty-one, in the year 372 A.D.


Basilissa and Anastasia were two pious and devout Romans. During the reign of Emperor Nero, they gathered the slain bodies of the disciples of the apostles and buried them with honor. They were denounced for this and imprisoned. After prolonged torture, during which their breasts and tongues were severed, they were finally beheaded.



The radiant martyrs shed their blood

And empurpled the whole black earth with their blood.

Powerful was the fire in which they were burned,

But more powerful the love with which they loved Christ.

To be a martyr is the greatest good;

With what treasure can this be compared?

The All-victorious Christ, the King of the ages,

Welcomed into heaven their brave souls.

He took them to Himself from the hands of the angels,

And all their heavy pains He blessed.


Concerning contemplation, St. Gregory of Sinai writes: "We confirm that there are eight principle subjects for contemplation: first, God, invisible and unseen, without beginning and uncreated, the First Cause of everything that exists, Triune, the one and only pre-existing Divinity; second, the order and rank of noetic powers [the bodiless powers of heaven; the angelic world]; third, the composition of visible things; fourth, the Divine Economy of the Incarnation of the Word; fifth, the General Resurrection; sixth, the awesome Second Coming of Christ; seventh, eternal torment; eighth, the Kingdom of Heaven. The first four have already been revealed and belong to the past. The last four have not yet been revealed and belong to the future, although these four are clearly contemplated by those who, with the help of acquired grace, have attained complete purity of mind. Whosoever approaches this task of contemplation without the illumination of grace, let him know that he is building fantasies and does not possess the art of contemplation." Thus wrote the great and discerning Gregory of Sinai, whose knowledge came from personal experience.


Contemplate the resurrected Lord Jesus:

1. How He was concerned about the physical nourishment of His disciples; how He broke and blessed bread for the disciples in Emmaus;

2. How, by the shore of the lake, he asked His disciples: Have ye any meat? (John 21:5). How, when they answered Him that they had not, He prepared bread and fish and gave it to them.


on how we will resemble Him Whom we love

"Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when He shall appear, we shall be like Him; for we shall see Him as He is" (1 John 3:2).

Previously we were slaves, but now we are the children of God. We were the slaves of evil, but now we are the servants of good--the supreme good in heaven and on earth. We were slaves to all of that which is lower and worse than man, but now we will serve the All-highest and the All-good. We were oppressed by darkness, but now we will labor in the light. Until now the devil, sin and death held us in continual fear, but now we will live close to God in freedom and joy.

Now--when is this "now?" Now is when the Lord has appeared on earth in the flesh, when He has given us the knowledge of light, freedom and life; when He has gloriously resurrected and manifested Himself in His glorified body; when He has fulfilled all the prophecies of the prophets and all of His promises. Now we, too, are the children of God, seen as sons and heirs of the Kingdom (James 2:5).

We shall be like Him. Truly, this has not yet materialized, but He has manifested Himself and, for now, that is sufficient. He Himself showed how beautiful man is in the Resurrection, and we know that we will also be the same as He. The Apostle John says: We know that we shall be like Him. He does not say, "We suspect," or, "It has been told to us," but he says: We know that we shall be like Him. For He did not resurrect for His sake, but for our sake. He did not resurrect from the grave only to show His power to the dead who are without hope, but to assure the dead that they too will live again--and to show them how they will be when they become enlivened. Neither did the apostles write: We know, because of their vanity before the ignorant, but because of brotherly love toward man, that all men may know this--and that we too might know.

O risen Lord, confirm in us also this saving knowledge, through the prayers of Thy Holy Apostles.

To Thee be glory and praise forever. Amen.

Russischer Kalender

Rumänischer Kalender

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Ukrainischer Kalender

Arabischer Kalender

Allgemeiner Kalender Aramäisch

Allgemeiner Kalender Griechisch

Allgemeiner Kalender Georgisch

Allgemeiner Kalender Bulgarisch

Allgemeiner Kalender Mazedonisch

Allgemeiner Kalender Serbisch

Allgemeiner Kalender Russisch

Allgemeiner Kalender Rumänisch

Allgemeiner Kalender Ukrainisch

Allgemeiner Kalender Arabisch

Allgemeiner Kalender Englisch

All fixed commemorations below are observed on April 28 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For April 15th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on April 2.


  • Andrew, Anastasius, Thalaleus, Theodoretus, Ivchirion, Jordan, Quadratus, Lucian, Mimnenus, Nerangius, Polyeuctus, Jacob, Phocas, Domentianus, Victor, and Zosima (Chorimos), of Georgia, in Armenia.

Pre-Schism Western Saints

  • Martyrs Maro, Eutyches and Victorinus, at Rome, under Trajan (ca. 99)[20][note 6]
  • Martyr Eutychius, in Ferentino in Italy.[20]
  • Child-martyr Laurentinus Sossius, a boy aged five, martyred on Good Friday in Valrovina near Vicenza in Italy (485)[20]
  • Saint Paternus (Paternus of Vannes, Padarn), Bishop and founder of the monastery of Llanbadarn Fawr (the great monastery of Padarn) near Aberystwyth in Wales (565)[5][20][21][note 7] (see also: April 16)
  • Saint Ruadhan (Ruadan, Rodan), one of the leading disciples of St Finian of Clonard, founder and abbot of Lothra (Ireland) (ca. 584)[4][5][20]
  • Saint Silvester, second Abbot of Moutier-Saint-Jean (Réome) near Dijon in France (ca. 625)[20]
  • Saint Hunna, the self-sacrificing wife of a nobleman in Alsace, now in France (679)[20]
  • Saint Nidger (Nidgar, Nitgar), Abbot of Ottobeuren Abbey in Bavaria, became Bishop of Augsburg in Germany (ca. 829)[20]
  • Saint Mundus (Munde, Mund, Mond), an abbot who founded several monasteries in Argyll in Scotland (ca. 962)[20]

Post-Schism Orthodox Saints

New Martyrs and Confessors

  • New Hieromartyr Alexander Gnevushev, Priest (1930)[5][6]

Other Commemorations

  • Repose of Metropolitan Sergius (Voskresensky) of Vilnius and Lithuania (1944)[4][note 13]
  • Repose of Hieroschemamonk Michael (Pitkevich) of Valaam and Pskov Caves, the last Elder of Valaam (1962)[4]
  • Repose of Bishop Stephen (Nikitin) of Kaluga (1963)[4]

Icon Gallery






Greek Sources

Russian Sources

Allgemeiner Kalender Deutsch

Kalender der Orthodoxen Bischofskonferenz in Deutschland

Bürgerliches Datum bei Benutzung des Julianischen Kalenders:

Deutscher Heiligenkalender (orthodox)

im julianischen Kalender * ist heute der 2. April

  • Alexander Gnewuschew, Priester, Märtyrer († 1930)
  • Ananias, Metropolit von Lakedaimonien (Sparta), Märtyrer in Mystras († 1767)
  • Aristarchus, einer der 70 Jünger Jesu, und Pudens, Wohltäter, und Trophimus, Begleiter des Paulus, Bischof (?)
  • Basilissa, Schülerin von Petrus und Paulus, Märtyrerin, und Anastasia, Schülerin von Petrus und Paulus, Märtyrerin in Rom († um 68)
  • Basilius von Poiana Marului († 1767)
  • Crescens von Myra, Märtyrer († im 3. Jahrhundert)
  • Daniel von Atschinsk in Sibirien († 1843)
  • Leonides, Bischof von Athen, Märtyrer († im 2. Jahrhundert [?]/250)
  • Die Lebenspendende Quelle der Heiligsten Gottesmutter
  • Mesukevische Märtyrer: Sukhias (Cychius), Märtyrer, und seine Kompanie: Andreas (Andria), Märtyrer, und Anastasias, Märtyrer, und Talale, Märtyrer, und Theodorites, Märtyrer, und Juhirodian (Ivqirion), Märtyrer, und Jordan, Märtyrer, und Kondrates, Märtyrer, und Lukian, Märtyrer, und Mimnenos, Märtyrer, und Nerangios, Märtyrer, und Polyeuktos, Märtyrer, und Jakob, Märtyrer, und Phoki, Märtyrer, und Domentian, Märtyrer, und Victor (Biqtor), Märtyrer, und Zosima, Märtyrer, und Antiochus, Märtyrer, und Sergius, Märtyrer, und Theodosius, Märtyrer
  • Michael, Märtyrer in Smyrna
  • Michael, der letzte Älteste von Valaam († 1962)
  • 9 Mönche, Märtyrer in Korinth
  • Mstislav (Theodor), Prinz von Kiew († 1132)
  • Pausilippus, Märtyrer in Thrakien († um 117/138)
  • Sabas der Gothe, Märtyrer
  • Sebastian, Märtyrer
  • Stephan Nikitin, Bischof von Kaluga (Todestag, † 1963)
  • Suchias (Cychius), Lukian, Polyeuktos und Gefährten
  • Theodor der Priester, Märtyrer in Thrakien († um 117 - 138)

Einzelnachweise (Sammlung)

  1. Apostle Aristarchus of the Seventy. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  2. Apostle Pudens of the Seventy. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  3. Apostle Trophimus of the Seventy. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  4. 4,00 4,01 4,02 4,03 4,04 4,05 4,06 4,07 4,08 4,09 4,10 4,11 4,12 April 15 / April 28. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  5. 5,0 5,1 5,2 5,3 5,4 5,5 5,6 5,7 April 28 / April 15. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  6. 6,0 6,1 6,2 6,3 6,4 Vorlage:Ru icon 15 апреля (ст.ст.) 28 апреля 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).
  7. Great Synaxaristes: Vorlage:Gr icon Οἱ Ἁγίες Ἀναστασία καὶ Βασίλισσα μαθήτριες τῶν Ἀποστόλων Πέτρου καὶ Παύλου. 15 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  8. Martyr Basilissa of Rome the Disciple of Apostles Peter and Paul. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  9. 9,0 9,1 9,2 9,3 9,4 The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. p. 106.
  10. Great Synaxaristes: Vorlage:Gr icon Ὁ Ἅγιος Σούκιος ὁ Μάρτυρας καὶ οἱ σὺν αὐτῷ δέκα ἐννέα Μάρτυρες. 15 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  11. Martyr Suchias and his Soldiers in Georgia. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  12. Great Synaxaristes: Vorlage:Gr icon Οἱ Ἅγιοι Θεόδωρος καὶ Παυσολύπιος οἱ Μάρτυρες. 15 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  13. Great Synaxaristes: Vorlage:Gr icon Οἱ Ἅγιοι Μάξιμος καὶ Ὀλυμπιάδα οἱ Μάρτυρες. 15 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  14. Great Synaxaristes: Vorlage:Gr icon Ὁ Ἅγιος Λεωνίδης Ἐπίσκοπος Ἀθηνῶν. 15 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  15. Great Synaxaristes: Vorlage:Gr icon Ὁ Ἅγιος Κρήσκης ὁ Μάρτυρας. 15 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  16. Martyr Sava the Goth of Wallachia. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  17. 17,0 17,1 17,2 Dr. Alexander Roman. April. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  18. St Ephraim the Great of Atsquri. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  19. Archpriest Zakaria Machitadze. SAINT EPREM THE GREAT OF ATSQURI (9TH CENTURY). PRAVOSLAVIE.RU. (Memory 15 April (28 May)).
  20. 20,0 20,1 20,2 20,3 20,4 20,5 20,6 20,7 20,8 April 15. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  21. Great Synaxaristes: Vorlage:Gr icon Ὁ Ἅγιος Πατέρνος. 15 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  22. Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. p. 159.
  23. Great Synaxaristes: Vorlage:Gr icon Ὁ Ἅγιος Μστισλάβος – Θεόδωρος πρίγκιπας Κιέβου. 15 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  24. Great Synaxaristes: Vorlage:Gr icon Ὁ Ὅσιος Βασίλειος ὁ Θαυματουργός. 15 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  25. 25,0 25,1 Michael J. Walsh. A New Dictionary of Saints: East and West. Liturgical Press, 2007. p. 87. ISBN 9780814631867
  26. Great Synaxaristes: Vorlage:Gr icon Ὁ Ὅσιος Διονύσιος τοῦ Περεγιασλάβλ. 15 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  27. 27,0 27,1 Michael J. Walsh. A New Dictionary of Saints: East and West. Liturgical Press, 2007. p. 157. ISBN 9780814631867
  28. Great Synaxaristes: Vorlage:Gr icon Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἀνανίας ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας Μητροπολίτης Λακεδαιμονίας. 15 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  29. St Basil of Poiana Marului. OCA - Lives of the Saints.


Gemeinsame orthodoxe Heilige im Kalender der Orthodoxen Bischofskonferenz in Deutschland


Weiteres Gedenken in aramäischer Tradition

Weiteres Gedenken in griechischer Tradition


Weiteres Gedenken in georgischer Tradition

Weiteres Gedenken in bulgarischer Tradition

Weiteres Gedenken in mazedonischer Tradition

Weiteres Gedenken in serbischer Tradition


Weiteres Gedenken in russischer Tradition

Weiteres Gedenken in rumänischer Tradition

Weiteres Gedenken in ukrainischer Tradition

Einzelnachweise (Artikelentwurf)

  1. Gesellschaft Orthodoxe Medien (Hrsg. im Auftrag der Orthodoxen Bischofskonferenz in Deutschland): Orthodoxer Liturgischer Kalender 2016 (17. Jahrgang), Dortmund 2015
  2. Das Synaxarion - die Leben der Heiligen der Orthodoxen Kirche. In 2 Bänden. Gestützt auf die 6-bändige Ausgabe des Hl. Klosters Simonos Petra. Kloster des Hl. Johannes des Vorläufers, Chania (Kreta) 2006, ISBN 960-88698-0-3
  3. Nikolaj Velimirović: Der Prolog von Ochrid. Verlag Johannes A. Wolf, Apelern 2009, ISBN 978-3-937912-04-2

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